Various types of lasers are used in dentistry. On the one hand there are large and expensive Er:YAG (specialist for hard tissue applications), Nd:YAG (specialist for bacterial reduction) and CO2 lasers (specialist for surgery) which, due to their design, have less flexible mirror arm systems, complex cooling mechanisms and relatively long start-up times. On the other hand there are compact and more cost-effective diode lasers with a wider range of applications, e.g., for minimally invasive surgery, bacterial reduction in periodontology and endodontics as well as photobiomodulation.
That's why we at Dentsply Sirona opted for diode lasers from the word go.
|Diode lasers||Other lasers|
|Other diode lasers||Er:YAG laser||Nd:YAG laser||CO2 -Laser|
|Wavelengths||445nm+ 660nm + 970nm||970nm, 940nm, 810nm||2.940nm||1.064nm||9.600-10.600 nm|
|Model type||Compact model||Compact model||Large model||Large model||Large model|
|Hemostasis||Suitable||Suitable||Not suitable||Suitable||Partially suitable|
|Endodontics||Suitable||Suitable||Partially suitable||Suitable||Not suitable|
|Photobiomodulation||Suitable||Suitable*||Not suitable||Not suitable||Not suitable|
|Not suitable||Not suitable||Suitable||Not suitable||Suitable**|
Furthermore, with diode lasers one can differentiate between hard and soft lasers.
* only with corresponding functionality
** 1 laser model available on the market